One of the simplest methods to boost aquarium aesthetics and water quality is to add real plants. You may make your aquarium seem better and give your fish a more natural atmosphere by adding some live plants. But is that really that simple, or does it need some more care and precautions while adding plants to the aquarium?
Plants purchased from aquarium stores may need some time to adjust to their new home in your aquarium. That’s called acclimatization, and it’s a basic procedure that many different kinds of plants may need to survive and thrive. Acclimatization is introducing new plants to your aquarium’s water chemistry gradually to reduce stress.
This article discusses the dangers of introducing aquarium plants to a new environment and the precautions to avoid the harmful destruction of aquatic life.
Do Aquarium Plants Need to be Acclimated?
Most aquarium plants may not need to be acclimated. However, some plants may need more careful handling to ensure the water conditions fit the care requirements of that species, but not strictly need acclimatization. They may take some time to adapt to their new home.
The aquatic plants you purchase are likely packed in water with a different chemical composition than the water in your tank, including water temperature, pH, and salinity. Even slight variations in water chemistry may have a devastating effect on aquatic organisms like fish and invertebrates, such as corals.
Water plants are equally vulnerable to sudden changes in their habitat. If you abruptly transferred a certain type of plant that thrives in water with a low pH to an aquarium with water that has a higher pH, the plant will quickly begin to wilt and eventually die.
Some plant species may exhibit adverse symptoms; for instance, hornwort may drop its leaves, but if you allow it a few days, the leaves will be resilient and the plant will continue to thrive.
How to Introduce New Aquarium Plants?
Although it can seem easy, adding new aquatic plants to your aquarium requires that you handle them with care. It is important to keep in mind that various varieties of live aquarium plants each have certain planting needs that must be met in order for them to grow.
We have to handle each type of plant differently depending upon the variety, vis-à-vis, rooted plants, rootless plants, stem plants, bulbs, tubers, rhizomes, etc.
In order to make the transition as smooth as possible when introducing new plants to your aquarium, there are a few general things to keep in mind for any type of plant:
- Slightly snip the roots. The plant’s growth and rooting in the new substrate will be stimulated by this.
- Essentially, plants for an aquarium should be brought to room temperature before being put in the tank, especially if they wrapped your new plant in a cold paper towel.
- Remove any and all rotting foliage. The plant’s initial condition has a direct bearing on its survival.
Do I Need to Quarantine Aquarium Plants?
The addition of new plants might potentially introduce harmful elements into the tank, which is not what you want if you care about keeping things nice and tidy. Plant quarantine is crucial for preventing the spread of toxic pesticides, fertilizers, parasites, and diseases in the tank water.
Quarantining aquarium plants ensures the safety of the inhabitants in the fish tank. The process of quarantining plants is an essential step in ensuring the safety of fish and shrimp. You’ll find out if they brought anything with them, like snails or disease, before you put them in your main tank.
Neglecting quarantining plants or wrongfully adding them to your aquarium increases the risk of transmitting hazardous or undesired organisms.
These are deadly attackers and can rapidly destroy the life of fish and shrimps in your aquarium.
How to Quarantine New Plants for Aquariums?
Before putting the plants in their real aquarium, it’s best to keep them in a quarantine tank for a few weeks and monitor them. Make sure that the plants get adequate light and nutrients during this time in order for photosynthesis to continue. However, there is no need for a filter.
PRO TIP: Before placing the plants in their quarantine tank, disinfect them to reduce the risk of contamination.
Here are the steps to quarantine new plants for the aquarium:
- Carefully remove any packing material, especially sponge-like or rock wool. Try to dig down to the bare roots and do not omit any little piece of residue clinging to the roots as it might soak pesticides or other contaminants.
- Cut lengthy plant roots to 1-2cm with scissors. The plant will naturally grow them again.
- To eliminate any remaining rock wool, soak the plants in a pail of clean water for several days (at least 5 days).
- Add any chemical remover/detoxifier, like Seachem Prime or SL-Aqua Black More Stabilizer, to the water bucket. It binds insecticides. The water conditioner removes ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates. It eliminates chlorine, chloramine, and heavy metals from tap water.
- Perform complete water changes daily until the completion of the process. Ensure you apply the water conditioner after each water change.
- Rinse the plants in clean tap water after 5 days.
- Plants are now free of any contamination and ready for the aquarium.
It is essential to have a working knowledge of the water chemistry in your aquarium. Introduce plants in a method that minimizes the amount of stress they experience and maximizes the likelihood that they will survive.
You can ensure that your aquarium will continue to be colorful and healthy for many years to come by introducing new plants to their new surroundings in a gradual manner.
Acclimatization is a procedure that is pretty easy and uncomplicated, but it is an essential one that may make the difference between success and failure when attempting to establish a thriving aquarium.